Dispute History of Gyanvapi 1194-2024 : The Gyanvapi Mosque, located in Varanasi, India, has a disputed history dating back centuries. Here’s a brief overview of its history from 1194 to 2024
- Construction of the Original Temple (1194): The original structure on the site was a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, believed to have been built in 1194 during the reign of the Hindu king, Raja Man Singh of Kashi (Varanasi).
- Destruction and Mosque Construction (17th Century): During the Mughal era, Emperor Aurangzeb ordered the destruction of several Hindu temples, including the original temple at the site of Gyanvapi. In its place, the Gyanvapi Mosque was constructed in 1669.
- Dispute and Legal Battles (18th-20th Century): The dispute over the site dates back to the colonial era and has continued into modern times. Various Hindu groups have claimed that the mosque was built after demolishing the original Kashi Vishwanath temple. Legal battles and disputes over ownership and rights ensued between Hindu and Muslim communities.
- Status Quo Order (1998): In 1998, the Allahabad High Court issued a status quo order, maintaining that no religious activity should take place in the disputed area until the case was settled.
- Babri Masjid Demolition (1992): The demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya in 1992 intensified communal tensions across India, including in Varanasi, and further fueled the dispute over Gyanvapi.
- Ongoing Dispute (21st Century): The dispute over Gyanvapi has persisted into the 21st century, with various parties continuing to push for their claims and legal resolutions.
- Recent Developments (2020s): The legal battle over the ownership and status of the Gyanvapi Mosque continued into the 2020s. However, specific developments beyond January 2022 are not available in my current dataset.
Overall, the history of the Gyanvapi Mosque is deeply intertwined with religious, cultural, and legal disputes spanning centuries, reflecting broader tensions and complexities in Indian society.
Dispute History of Gyanvapi 1194-2024 Navel Gyanvapi of immortal Kashi
Dispute History of Gyanvapi 1194-2024 Navel Gyanvapi of immortal Kashi : In the Indian Sanatan tradition, the real meaning of knowledge is the realization of the Supreme Being, which grants salvation.
The sustainer of this tradition is the universally recognized holy place named Viddhaman Gyanvapi in the form of immortal form in Srikashi Vishwanath Dham.
In the word ‘Gyanvaapi’, knowledge means supreme essence and Vapi means stepwell or pond. This very Vapi, which provides the knowledge of the supreme form i.e. Shivatattva, which grants salvation, is quoted at various places in various Puranas by the name of ‘Gyanvaapi’. General Secretary of Kashi Electricity Council, Prof. According to Ramnarayan Dwivedi it is said in Linga Purana –
‘Devasya Dakshina Bhage Vapi Tishtathi Mokshada.
Tasya Shanchodakam Pitva Punarjanma Na Vidhate.’
According to mythological beliefs, to express his form of knowledge, Lord Shiva himself, in the form of Ishaan, excavated the ground with a trident, extracted water and worshiped the form of Avimukhteshwar to attain knowledge.
This Vapi, which helps in attaining knowledge, became famous by the name of Gyanvapi in Kashi.
Lord Shiva is also famous by the name of Ashtamurti under his various forms and names due to which he has been called ‘Ashtamurti Nirdheeshashcha Gyanchakshustpomayah’. Among these eight idols, Lord Shiva’s Shitimurti, Jalmurti, Agnimurti, Vayumurti, Akashmurti, Yajmanmurti, Chandramurti, and Suryamurti are described in the Tantra scriptures. Dispute History of Gyanvapi 1194-2024.
Organization Minister of Kashi Vidvat Parishad and former Chairman of BHU Astrology Department, Prof. Vinay Kumar Pandey says, ‘Out of these, the burnt idol of Lord Shiva is included in this ‘Gyanvapi’, the clear description of which is found in Skandapuran.’
It was said that:
‘Yoshtamurti Mahadev Paripatthayate Puranas.
Tasyayi Vambumaimurthi: Gyanada Gyanvaapika.
Vishwanath’s attempt to return his glory
The Visvesvarnath temple, which was demolished by Sikandar Lodi in 1490, was quite grand. There were five grand pavilions in this temple. Even after demolition, no construction was done at that site till 1585 i.e. for 95 years. This was neither a temple nor a mosque. On the request of the great Sanskrit scholar Narayan Bhatt, when King Todarmal and Mansingh built the Vishweshwarnath temple in 1585 AD, they had kept the map of the old temple in front of them. Todar Mal repaired the remaining pavilions and gave them a more grand appearance. Dispute History of Gyanvapi 1194-2024.
Historian Dr. Motichandar has written in his book ‘History of Kashi’ that the measurement of the fifth pavilion was 125 by 35 feet. This was a theater and religious sermons used to take place here. Todarmal got the pavilion repaired and the plinth of the temple was raised seven feet higher to the level of the road.
The height of the temple was 128 feet. There were 12 feet sub-temples at the four corners of the temple. Nadimandap was outside the temple. There were 128 pavilions and temples whose heights were 64 feet and 48 feet respectively. There was a circumambulation path around the temple, in which there were temples of countless gods and goddesses. Dispute History of Gyanvapi 1194-2024.
The Vishwanath temple built by Raja Todar Mal in the 16th century i.e. 1585 was square and quite grand. Each of its arms was 124 feet long. The main temple was inside the water tank in the 32 feet sanctum in the middle. There were four inner chambers of 16 feet by 10 feet leading from the sanctum sanctorum. After these, there were smaller antargrihas measuring 12 by eight feet which led into four pavilions. In the eastern and western pavilions there were shrines of Dandapani and Dvarapala. Dispute History of Gyanvapi 1194-2024.
contribution of two queens
Kashi Kop has the special contribution of two eighteenth century queens, Ahilyabai and Rani Bhavani. The biggest contribution of Queen Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore was destroyed in Kashi Vishisht.
Strong resistance, countless sacrifices of
Whenever Srikashi Vishwanath Temple was attacked by invaders, many anonymous religious protectors made sacrifices.
A similar description is found in ‘The Travels of Peter Mandi’, the travelogue of Peter Mandi, a British traveler and businessman who came to India during the reign of Shahjahan. Dispute History of Gyanvapi 1194-2024.
When Peter Mandi, who was going from Agra to Patna, reached Mughalsarai (now Deendayal Upadhyay Nagar) on September 3, 1632, someone was being hanged there after death. When Peter Mandi inquired, it came to light that Mughal Emperor Shahjahan had issued an order to Subedar Haider Beg of Allahabad to demolish the Vishwanath Temple and other temples built and being built in Kashi. Haider Beg sent his cousin with military forces to fulfill this order. On the way, a Rajput soldier of his army, Kshatriya, woke up. Dispute History of Gyanvapi 1194-2024.
As soon as he came to know about the plan to demolish the temple of his beloved, his heart rebelled. He killed the Subedar’s cousin and three-four of his companions. He continued fighting till the end and while dying, he killed two-three more people. Finally the terrorists hanged his body on a tree.
Mandi has also mentioned the tremendous resistance of the sadhus in Banaras. Historian Dr. Motichandra in his book ‘History of Kashi’, while Sachindra Pandey, a research student of Allahabad University, in his research paper ‘History of Medieval Banaras (1206 to 1761 AD)’ described this incident in ‘The Travels of Peter Mandi’. Has been mentioned. It was because of this public resistance that Shahjahan’s decree could not take concrete form. Even during the time of Aurangzeb, the opposition and struggle of Maratha Satraps is mentioned in history.
The evidence itself is the eternal truth
Department of Ancient History and Art-Culture, Banaras Hindu University
When and who broke the temple, who constructed it?
Re-construction of the ancient temple by the Gahadwal rulers in the 11th century.
Qutbuddin Aibak on the orders of Mohammad Ghori in the 12th century (1194-97)